Lexical Bundles in Academic Writing

Lexical Bundles in Academic Writing (Chen and Baker, 2010)

Native Student Writing: British English

in the case of
can be used to
as a result of + (the)
it is important to
it could be argued that + (the)
(at) + the end of the
in terms of the
(for) + the development of the
it is possible to
is one of the
the rest of the
it can be seen + (that)
one of the main
as well as the
the use of the
in the same way
to be able to
(due) + to the fact that
an example of this + (is)
in the form of
it is clear that
the fact that the
in order to make
the nature of the
one of the most + (important)
and as a result
it is necessary to
the way in which
can be applied to + (the)
than that of the
and the use of
are more likely to
not be able to
the extent to which
was one of the
could be used to
is an example of + (a)
it is difficult to
the structure of the
can be found in
is the fact that
the length of the
with respect to the
would have to be
can be seen as +
+ be seen as a
at the same time
be taken into account
be used in the
could be seen as
it would have been
this is due to + (the)
with the development of
would be able to
are likely to be
can also be used + (to)
in relation to the
in terms of its
it can be argued + (that)
of the number of
through the use of
to a lack of
can be used for
for each of the
there would be no
a great deal of

Native Expert Writing: British English

in the context of + (the/a)
in the case of
on the other hand
the nature of the
as a function of
on the basis of
in terms of the
it is necessary to
the way in which + (the)
(at) + the end of the
it is clear that
the rest of the
one of the most
at the same time
by the fact that
a wide range of
as a result of
that there is a
per cent of the
in the form of
on the one hand
the extent to which
in the sense that
would have to be
as we have seen
in the presence of
in the absence of
is likely to be
the size of the
are more likely to
as we shall see
that there is no
the history of the
the turn of the century
can be found in
in the first place
it is difficult to
it is possible to
of a number of
on the part of
in so far as
in the number of
it is important to
seems to have been
with respect to the
are shown in fig
can be used to
in the light of
a function of time
as shown in fig
be taken into account
for each of the
in a number of
it can be seen + that
to the fact that
would be difficult to
at the time of
be found in the
in the hands of
the degree to which
the role of the
the rules of the
the strength of the
the value of the
to be able to
a function of the

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